How Long is Pediatric Surgery Fellowship?

A Pediatric Surgery Fellowship is an advanced training program designed to provide specialized education and hands-on experience in pediatric surgery. It offers post-graduate physicians the opportunity to develop expertise in the surgical care of infants, children, and adolescents, focusing on the unique surgical needs of this patient population.

Pediatric surgery deals with diagnosing, treating, and managing surgical conditions affecting children, ranging from newborns to teenagers. These conditions include congenital anomalies, trauma, oncologic diseases, gastrointestinal disorders, urological abnormalities, and other surgical emergencies. Pediatric surgeons are highly skilled professionals with the knowledge and technical skills to deliver safe and effective surgical care to young patients.

A Pediatric Surgery Fellowship offers a comprehensive training program that combines clinical rotations, surgical procedures, research opportunities, and academic pursuits. Fellows work alongside experienced pediatric surgeons in a collaborative and supportive environment, gaining exposure to various surgical cases and developing proficiency in complex surgical techniques.

Medical Fellowship example

How Long Is Pediatric Surgery Fellowship?

A pediatric surgery fellowship typically lasts for two years. This duration is standard because of the extensive and comprehensive range of knowledge and skills that a pediatric surgeon needs to acquire.

Here’s a more detailed look at why this fellowship typically lasts for two years:

  1. Clinical Training: The primary focus of a pediatric surgery fellowship is to provide hands-on clinical training. This training involves outpatient and inpatient settings and covers all aspects of pediatric surgical care. It includes exposure to various pediatric surgical conditions and learning the technical skills required for surgical management.
  2. Surgical Procedures: Pediatric surgeons operate on all body regions in children, from head and neck to chest and abdomen, including urologic, gynecologic, and other specific issues in children. They must be proficient in various surgical procedures, from routine to highly complex. These procedures often differ significantly from similar operations in adults due to children’s unique anatomical, physiological, and psychological characteristics at different stages of development.
  3. Critical Care: Besides surgical training, pediatric surgery fellows receive extensive training in pediatric surgical critical care. This is essential to their training, given that many pediatric surgical patients are critically ill and require comprehensive, multidisciplinary care.
  4. Research: Most pediatric surgery fellowships also include a significant research component. Fellows are expected to engage in academic activities such as clinical, translational, or basic science research, depending on their interests and the resources available at their institution. This research often contributes to the scientific literature and helps fellows develop the skills to engage in lifelong learning and academic advancement.
  5. Education and Teaching: Fellows are also often expected to participate in the education and teaching of medical students, residents, and other healthcare professionals. This includes lectures, presentations, workshops, and one-on-one teaching in the clinical setting. This experience helps develop the fellow’s teaching and leadership skills.

Eligibility for a Pediatric Surgery Fellowship typically involves specific requirements that applicants must meet. Based on your information, the eligibility criteria include completing a specific number of years in an ACGME-accredited general surgery residency program.

Here is an explanation of the eligibility criteria you mentioned:

  1. Completion of PGY-3 Year: PGY stands for “Post-Graduate Year.” It refers to the year of training completed by medical residents after obtaining their medical degree (MD or DO). Therefore, applicants should have completed at least three years of post-graduate training, specifically up to the PGY-3 level.
  2. Minimum of 3 Years in an ACGME-Accredited General Surgery Residency Program: ACGME stands for “Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.” It is the organization responsible for accrediting residency and fellowship programs in the United States. To be eligible for a Pediatric Surgery Fellowship, applicants must have completed at least three years in a general surgery residency program accredited by the ACGME. These three years can include the PGY-1, PGY-2, and PGY-3 years.

Given all these components, two years is a typical duration for a pediatric surgery fellowship. It provides enough time to gain proficiency in the diverse and complex field of pediatric surgery while also engaging in research, education, and other professional development activities. However, additional training or fellowships may be undertaken if a surgeon wishes to subspecialize further within pediatric surgery, such as in pediatric cardiac surgery or neurosurgery.

In our articles, you can learn about Fellowship Doctor Salary and see Pediatric Surgery Fellowships List. I gave answer on Do You Get Paid During Medical School and overall Do You Get Paid During the Fellowship. Please read How Long Is Pediatric Surgery Fellowship and understand the differences between Residency vs. Fellowship.

Daniel Smith

Daniel Smith

Daniel Smith is an experienced economist and financial analyst from Utah. He has been in finance for nearly two decades, having worked as a senior analyst for Wells Fargo Bank for 19 years. After leaving Wells Fargo Bank in 2014, Daniel began a career as a finance consultant, advising companies and individuals on economic policy, labor relations, and financial management. At, Daniel writes about personal finance topics, value estimation, budgeting strategies, retirement planning, and portfolio diversification. Read more on Daniel Smith's biography page. Contact Daniel:

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